The water frame for spinning cotton was developed by Richard Arkwright and copyrighted in 1769. The machines could spin yarn continuously and also replaced skilled workers with unskilled supervisors to make sure the machines didn't break. Water frames varied in size from 4 to 96 spindles. For these reasons, the water frame became popular and global.
Here is a model of a water frame at the Historical Museum in Wuppertal, Germany.
Arkwright and his family built mills at Bakewell, Cressbrook, Rocester, and Wirksworth, which also spread across Derbyshire and Staffordshire.
Slater Mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, included many elements of the factory system developed in the Derwent Valley, and was built by Samuel Slater from Belper. The Derwent Valley is remembered as the birthplace of the factory system. The machines developed in the Derwent Valley such as the water frame allowed continuous production.